Epilepsy surgery is an operation on the brain to control seizures and improve the person’s quality of life. There are two main types of epilepsy surgery:
- Surgery to remove the area of the brain producing seizures
- Surgery to interrupt the nerve pathways through which seizure impulses spread within the brain
Surgery is considered only if the area of the brain where the seizures start, called the seizure focus, can be clearly identified, and if the area to be removed is not responsible for any critical functions, such as language, sensation and movement. Extensive evaluation and testing are necessary to determine if surgery is appropriate.